- "Our Fight for Democracy"
- Index of book
- Preface of "Our Fight for Democracy"
- Book - Order Form
- Introduction - The Meaning of Democracy
- Roman Britain to Magna Carta - 1215
- Parliament to the Divine Right of Kings 1216 to 1603
- Monarchy to a Republic and back 1603-1685
- Bill of Rights to the American War of Independence - 1685 to 1780
- Pitt the Younger to Catholic Emancipation - 1780 to 1830
- The Great Reform Act and its aftermath - 1830 to 1860
- The Second Reform Act to the end of the Century 1860 to 1900
- The Twentieth Century - Votes for women at last - 1900 to 1928
Friday, June 14, 2013
Three Member Seats at Westminster
Prior to 1884 all constituencies consisted of two or three MPs. We could have 150 constituencies each with three MPs. This would have a number of advantages.
To those MPs with a strong feeling for tradition we could go back to the electoral system prior to single member constituencies. For six hundred years constituencies consisted of two, three, or even four member seats. If we were to opt for three member seats throughout the United Kingdom this would introduce an element of proportionality into our electoral system. Electors would be able to split their votes between different parties. This would introduce an element of competition between members of the same party. It would give voters a real choice. It would also reduce the power of the parties. It was in order to strengthen the power of the parties which led to the single member constituencies in the first place. It is time for the pendulum to swing back the other way.
There is a general recognition that as a result of legislation now being produced by the European Union and other legislation devolved to the Scottish Parliament and the Assemblies in Northern Ireland and Wales there are too many MPs at Westminster. The number should be reduced to 450. If this reduction were to take place there would be a golden opportunity to reform the whole system at the same time.
Why is it that in a world where people are used to shopping around, telephones and electricity have been made competitive, there was still a single supplier of representative services. In an environment where consumer choice is the dominant force, and people increasingly look at politics as consumers, why not have multi-member constituencies?
Competition and choice improve standards. Lazy MPs, or those who did not represent the views of their constituents properly, would face internal competition, and there would be fewer barriers to new talent and new ideas coming forward. Almost certainly there would be an increase in the number of women in Parliament. If electors could choose from different candidates from within a political Party Parliament would become more representative of the people. The system would be more proportional.
The House of Commons should consist of 150 three member constituencies.