Do we have a hereditary monarchy? Brush up your history.
1066-87 William the Conqueror - obtained throne by conquest.
1087-1100 William II (William Rufus)– third son of William the Conqueror. Robert (first son) was made Duke of Normandy. Richard (second son died). William II died, shot whilst hunting, no children.
1100 – 35 Henry I, fourth son of William the Conqueror. Robert (first son) tried to claim the throne but was defeated in battle and imprisoned for life by Henry. Henry’s son William drowned in 1120.
1135 – 54 Stephen – Nephew of Henry I through his mother Adela who was Henry I sister. Henry I had a daughter, Matilda who should have succeeded, but Stephen seized the throne. Stephen had two sons, Eustace and William but Eustace died before Stephen. William agreed that Henry II would succeed Stephen. Henry II, son of Matilda seized the throne.
1154 – 89 Henry II – Son of Matilda and grandson of Henry I. Henry II had five sons. William, 1st son died age 3. Henry, 2nd son died of dysentery fighting his father and brothers.
1189 – 99 Richard I – Third son of Henry II. Geoffrey, 4th son of Henry II died in 1186. Richard I died, no children. Eleanor and Joan, sisters of Richard and older than John should have succeeded or Eleanor, daughter of Geoffrey should have succeeded. Arthur son of Geoffrey should also have succeeded even though he was born after Geoffrey’s death.
1199 – 1216 John – Fifth son of Henry II.
1216 – 72 Henry III – son of John
1272 – 1307 Edward I – Eldest son of Henry III
1307 – 27 Edward II – Eldest son of Edward I. Edward II abdicated, was murdered and followed by:
1327 – 77 Edward III – Eldest son of Edward II. Edward III had four sons that survived to manhood. The eldest was Edward, the Black Prince. He died in 1376. His eldest son Edward of Angouleme died in 1372.
1377 – 99 Richard II – Grandson of Edward III. Richard II was the second son of Edward, the Black Prince. Richard II was forced to abdicate and was then starved to death in 1400. He was followed by:
1399 – 1413 Henry IV – Grandson of Edward III, son of John of Gaunt – third son of Edward III.
1413 – 1422 Henry V – Son of Henry IV. Died of dysentery.
1422 – 1461 Henry VI – Son of Henry V. Imprisoned by Edward IV.
1461 – 1470 Edward IV – Great, Great, Great, Grandson of Edward III through Edward III’s second son Lionel, Duke of Clarence. Fled into exile after the Earl of Warwick put Henry VI back on the throne.
1470 – 1471 Henry VI – Murdered in the Tower of London after Edward IV had defeated the Earl of Warwick in battle.
1471 – 1483 Edward IV – Fell ill and died in 1483. His two sons Edward V and Richard were captured by Richard III before Edward V (age 12) had his coronation. The two boys disappeared! Bones found in the Tower of London were moved to Westminster Abbey by Charles II in 1674.
1483 – 1485 Richard III – brother of Edward IV. Richard killed in a fight with Henry Tudor at the battle of Bosworth. Richard’s son Edward died age 10 in 1484.
1485 – 1509 Henry VII – Grandson of Henry V. Margaret, daughter of Henry VII was older than Henry VIII and married James IV of Scotland.
1509 – 1547 Henry VIII – Second son of Henry VII. Arthur, first son of Henry VII died of tubercolosis in 1502.
1547 – 1553 Edward VI – only son of Henry VIII. Died. Left the throne to Lady Jane Grey, Great Grand Daughter of Henry VII.
1553 Lady Jane Grey On the throne from 10-19 July. Mary, daughter of Henry VIII formed an army and declared herself Queen. Lady Jane Grey was executed six months later.
1553 – 1558 Mary, eldest daughter of Henry VIII. Died, no children.
1558 – 1603 Elizabeth I, second daughter of Henry VIII. Died, no children.
1603 – 1625 James I, Great, great grandson of Henry VII. Elizabeth was the eldest child of James I. She married the King of Bohemia.
1625 – 1649 Charles I, son of James I. Executed for treason.
1649 – 1660 A Republic.
1660 – 1685 Charles II, eldest son of Charles I, no legitimate children.
1685 – 1688 James II, second son of Charles I. Fled the country when William of Orange landed in England with an army of 10,000. James II had a son James, the Old Pretender who also had a son Charles, the Young Pretender.
1689 – 1694 William III & Mary II. Mary was the eldest child of James II and granddaughter of Charles I. She married William - grandson of Charles I through his daughter Mary. William insisted on sharing the monarchy. Mary II died in 1694.
1694 – 1702 William III. William and Mary died with no children.
1702 – 1714 Anne, second daughter of James II. William, Duke of Gloucester, her only surviving son died in 1700.
1714 – 1727 George I, Great grandson of James I through Elizabeth, eldest daughter of James I.
1727 – 1760 George II, son of George I. George II had eight children. The eldest Frederick died in 1752.
1760 – 1820 George III, son of Frederick and grandson of George II.
1820 – 1830 George IV, eldest son of George III, no children.
1830 – 1837 William IV, third son of George III, no children.
1837 – 1901 Victoria, Granddaughter of George III. Daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent, fourth son of George III who had died. Eldest child of Victoria was also named Victoria and married Kaiser Wilhelm I
1901 – 1910 Edward VII, eldest son of Victoria.
1910 – 1936 George V, eldest surviving son of Edward VII. Albert, eldest son died in 1892.
1936 Edward VIII, eldest son of George V, abdicated.
1936 – 1952 George VI, second son of George V.
1952 - Elizabeth II, Eldest daughter of George VI.